THE PRESIDENT'S BODYGUARD
The President's Bodyguard (PBG), as is known today, was raised in 1773 at Benares by the then Governor, Warren Hastings. Since being first christened as 'The Guard of Moguls' in 1773, the Regiment has had various titles viz. 'The Governor General's Bodyguard (GGBG)' in 1784, 'The Viceroy's Bodyguard' in 1858, the '44th Divisional Reconnaissance Squadron GGBG' in 1944, before getting back it's old title 'The Governor General's Bodyguard' in 1947. With India becoming a Republic on 26 January 1950, the Regiment came to be known as - "The President's Bodyguard".
The Regiment was formed as a select Cavalry Unit, primarily for the personal and battlefield security of the Governor, and later Governor General, who often had to personally lead his forces into battle. The Raising Charter clearly spelt out the role of The PBG, namely - "To act as Bodyguard to the Governor in peace and to accompany him as Commander-in-Chief in battle". However, continued engagement of the British Forces overseas in the Nineteenth Century saw the operational role of PBG get redefined.
This unique band of select troops saw active service all over the Indian peninsula, as well as overseas in Egypt (1801-1802), in Java (1811), in Burma (1824-1826 and 1886), and in the Middle East and Mesopotamia (1914-1918). In 1944, after mechanization in World War II, they trained as paratroopers to form part of the 44th Indian Airborne Division for the invasion of Malaya.
Post Independence, the PBG repeatedly proved its martial prowess. In 1962, its armoured cars were deployed for the Defense of Chushul at heights of over 14,000 feet. The Regiment saw action in "Operation ABLAZE" (1965) in the Western Theatre, with the Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka (1988-1989) and with the Indian United Nations Contingents in Somalia, Angola and Sierra Leone. The valiant Troopers of the PBG have also left their indelible mark in the world's highest battlefield, the Siachen Glacier where detachments of PBG serve till today.
The soldiers of PBG today are adept at ceremonial punctilio, trained Combat Paratroopers and Armoured Vehicle Crewmen. Honed to perfection in diverse combat skills, the PBG personnel have proven their worth in battle, as well as in mounted tourneys and equestrian skills. This elite body of troops is the senior most Regiment of the Indian Army, whose distinction, is in its position as 'Right of the Line' on all official and ceremonial occasions.